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2017Idea-Tops艾特奖最佳数字建筑设计提名奖获奖作品-《New Passenger Terminal at Franjo Tuđman International Airport Zagreb》

2018-02-020
导语:12月6日,2017第八届国际空间设计大奖——Idea-Tops艾特奖颁奖盛典在深圳龙岗盛大举行。来自中、美、英、法、意、俄罗斯、日本、荷兰、希腊、奥地利、克罗地亚等40个国家和地区,超1500位杰出设计师、专家学者、企业家、30个省市行业协会负责人莅临盛会,共襄盛典,见证全球设计界顶尖级荣誉的诞生。
《New Passenger Terminal at Franjo Tuđman International Airport Zagreb》
《New Passenger Terminal at Franjo Tuđman International Airport Zagreb》

      12月6日,2017第八届国际空间设计大奖——Idea-Tops艾特奖颁奖盛典在深圳龙岗盛大举行。来自中、美、英、法、意、俄罗斯、日本、荷兰、希腊、奥地利、克罗地亚等40个国家和地区,超1500位杰出设计师、专家学者、企业家、30个省市行业协会负责人莅临盛会,共襄盛典,见证全球设计界顶尖级荣誉的诞生。 

      奖项类别:最佳数字建筑设计提名奖

      获奖作品:《New Passenger Terminal at Franjo Tuđman International Airport Zagreb》

KINCL

NEIDHARDT ARHITEKTI

      设计说明:

      The French concessionaire started building in 2013 executing the design delivered by authors-architects and design companies. The new terminal complex opened in March 2017 as the 1st phase construction of 65.000 m2 serves up to 5 million passengers a year.

      法国特许经营公司在2013年开始建造,以执行由设计师和设计公司交付的设计。新航站楼于2017年3月启用,第一期建设65000平方米,每年接待旅客500万人次。

      The first phase site plan has 8 boarding bridges linked to the terminal building on the north side, and an arrival/ departure ramp with a viaduct on the south. The viaduct is built to accommodate the extension of the terminal building to the east, when the airport capacity increases over 5 million passengers, and in addition to east and west with both piers extensions to 10, 12 and 15 boarding bridges in several phases according to the number of passengers. At the end of 30 years concession 2nd phase additions will serve 8 million passengers.

      第一阶段的站点计划有8座连接到北侧的候机楼的到达/出发桥,以及一个带着高架桥的抵港坡道。高架桥的建造是为了适应东岸航站楼的扩建,机场容量增加了500多万人次,除了东、西两个码头外,还增加了10、12和15个登机桥。在30年的末期,第二期扩建工程将为800万名乘客提供服务。

      The landside surroundings spatial organization at entrance allows the dominance of pedestrian esplanade in the middle. The traffic functions between two traffic roundabouts which serve as connecting points to viaduct ramps leading to or from the departure level curb at 10.20 m above the ground.

      在入口周围的陆地环境空间组织允许在中间的行人空间的主导地位。两个交通环形路之间的交通功能,作为连接点到高架桥的斜坡,或从离地10.20米的起点出发。

      Internal roads and an arrival/ departure ramps are flanking the central pedestrian surface. A passenger car park is situated on the east, and on the west there is an employees parking, bus and taxi stops and a rent- a- car amenities including their parking.

      内部的道路和到达/出发的斜坡是侧面的中心行人面。一个客运停车场位于东部,在西部有一个员工停车场、公共汽车和出租车停靠站和一个出租汽车的设施,包括他们的停车位。

      Main public levels at landside of the terminal the ground and upper departure level are connected by outdoor escalators and elevators and by interior sets of elevators and stairs within circulation cores.

      在终端机的地面和上离层的主要公共层由室外自动扶梯和升降机连接,并由内部的电梯和楼梯的内部安装。

      Three levels of reinforced concrete structure form the terminal’s base. A dynamic roof envelope, which unwraps itself, to levitate above the terminal hall generates the free dynamics of the structural net – an iconic expression of the landscape and its relief features as original attributions to the generated architectural form. The distinctiveness of the architectural design is achieved through a composition of hypars. The envelope structure is a spatial truss gently curved in two directions deploying tens of thousands prefabricated steel tubes and nodes based on the triangular off grid module ending in bright, glossy and clean roof surfaces.

      三层钢筋混凝土结构形成了终端基地。一个动态的屋顶信封,它的包裹本身,漂浮在终端大厅之上,产生了结构网络的自由动力——景观的一个标志性的表达和它的救济特征作为原始属性的生成的建筑形式。架构设计的特殊性是通过一个hypars的组成来实现的。信封结构是一个空间桁架,在两个方向上轻轻弯曲,部署了数以万计的预制钢管和节点,以三角形外网格模块为基础,以明亮、光滑、清洁的屋顶表面为结尾。

      In the same way, the interior is enriched with the originality of the curved ceiling and construction that is bursting with a multitude of steel elements of the spatial steel structure. Such a computer-generated harmony leads the engineering interpretation towards the top of the architectural concept materialization.

      与此同时,内部也充满了弯曲的天花板和建筑的原创性,这些建筑都是空间钢结构的大量钢铁元素。这样一种计算机生成的和谐,引领了建筑概念具体化的工程解释。这样一种计算机生成的和谐,引领了建筑概念具体化的工程解释。

      The terminal building interior ambiences bear the attributes of neat, clearly arranged areas that follow the functional requirements of airport protocols. Well-lit spaces with natural and artificial diffused illumination are distinguished with great functionality based on a clear organization of short connections- paths. Large glass facade surfaces give the passengers the chance to enjoy the landscape while moving through the terminal building. The perception of interior and exterior spaciousness contributes the sense of comfort while staying in the terminal building and makes the journey more appealing.

      航站楼的内部环境具有整洁、清晰、符合机场协议功能要求的特点。明亮的空间与自然和人为的漫射照明是区别于伟大的功能,基于清晰组织的短连接-路径。巨大的玻璃墙让乘客们在穿过到达楼的时候可以有机会看到外面的景观。对室内和外部空间的感知,让人感觉舒适,同时又呆在候机楼里,使旅途更有吸引力。

      Flexibility of conceptual scheme allows for adaptability with open spaces formed by predominantly 14.40 x 14.40 m modular column grid at the concrete base. Post-stressed reinforced concrete structure is built on a grid pattern with various spans that are multipliers of the base module: 7.20m, 14.40m etc.

      概念方案的灵活性使得在混凝土基础上以14.40×14.40 m的模块化列网格形成的开放空间具有适应性。后压力钢筋混凝土结构是建立在不同跨度的网格模式上的,它是基础模块的倍增器:720m,14.4 m等。

      Inside vertically and horizontally deployed and interconnected spaces, there are 18 reinforced concrete columns ending in upside-down conic clusters of 6 closed-umbrella-like steel pylons on the floor plan grid of 28.80 x 43.20 m. They carry the dynamic roof envelope structure above the departure hall.  This steel truss structure is built on a modular grid of 3.60 x 3.60 m, with an off grid displacement between the upper and lower truss level 

      在垂直和水平部署和相互连通的空间内,有18根钢筋混凝土柱,以6个封闭式伞形钢柱的倒挂在上,其底部为28.80 x 43.20 m的平面图网格。他们把动态屋顶的信封结构搬到出发大厅上方。该钢桁架结构是建立在3.60 x 3.60 m的模块网格上,上下桁架水平之间有一个外网位移。

      The pier design allows for the flexibility that is necessary to sustain the expected increase of air traffic in the future.

      码头设计允许灵活性,以维持预期的未来增加空中交通。

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