Flowing Space of Natural Environment and Concrete
Constructions for Tiny Urban Tribes
In a densely populated contemporary city, all the city planners and architects reflect, from time to time, how to make an effort in order to gain more living spaces. This difficulty has been temporarily relieved by reinforced concrete high-rise buildings advocated by Domino System in last century of modernism. For that reason, our cities then become a concrete jungle in international style. With a detailed project of space, building coverage and ratio of public utility, a huge and high-density community with multiple-family residential house comes to the world. It became a typical view for most of developed cities. After that, it seems people’s life and thinking are restricted to a limited space as they established boundaries with neighbors. Nowadays, people are still missing the large garden area of courtyard houses in countryside in olden times. On a grain-and-dry-vegetables sunning ground, children played with each other under the sun, and adults sat, talked with each other, played Chinese chess and drank tea under the sun shelter. Then we ask ourselves, can’t this scene be realized at present?
A Modern Courtyard Settlement Within a Concrete Forest
The site is located in a rural area of Baoshan, Hsinchu, surrounded by nature. It is conveniently situated in close proximity to the Hsinchu Science Park and the entrance tunnel to the site is most adequately encased with bamboo forests and greeneries. This project involves the renovation of old architecture into a new form of community settlement. We hope to bring together traditional congregated housing community and traditional courtyard to create a rich and diversified living environment that suffices both natural and lifestyle factors.
Wobbling Splits - Living Concept of Sharing Economy
This is a project specializing in tiny tribes. We contemplate the possibility of combining management concepts in modern community and community spirits of traditional courtyards. The main disadvantage of multiple-family residential house community is the indifferent boundaries among households. Once the boundaries are established, it stops the connection and interaction among people, and also waste an amount of time and energy setting « boundaries ». The environment with these circumstances and context, it is undoubtedly hard to realize the community spirit of traditional courtyards.
Therefore, we overturn the « boundary » concept in multiple-family residential house, and we create a living area with a shape of « star key » on the phone in a scattered manner. It replaces the shape of « pound key » leading to isolation. And the « splits » in different scales caused by scattered style can make people, animals, plants and wind in the mountain flow into the area, which creates a public semi-outdoor space connecting with the natural environment. Moreover, the community with this style has an implicit rule; that is, each household possesses not only an independent little garden but also a planting field shared by two households. These two households need to discuss how to deal with this shared semi-outdoor space. In the meantime, there will be many foreign people living in and non-specific gatherings taking place in the community. In that way, such event will become a habitual scene for everyone. More and above that, we move the splits of building to the second floor, which connects all the units and scenes, will be the best place for people to interact and communicate with each other. We are going to disperse any public and private boundaries in this place and sketch a fundamental community living concept of sharing economy.
The Design Strategy to Disperse the Boundaries
First of all, we crumble down the building mass to create an obscurity and an interconnection in a scattered manner in the area. After that, we lay a large light platform on in order to make a three-dimensional open space for people to walk as they please.
The Splits of Flowing Space of Natural Environment and Concrete Constructions
Eight scattered boxes will create many « splits ». Splits in large dimension are those lanes in the community which provide people with a space to come and go. Splits in small dimension are the personal corners for people to stay and view over the scene. There are even smaller splits at where we feel the light and wind from time to time. Through the extension of these splits, we connect, in a frequent way, the small region and the outside world and blur the boundaries between private and public and also internal and external distinctions.
Line of History in the Past
We design an entry at the main facade of community. This entry links the main lanes and streets in the tiny community. Because it was a line of history in the past, there are no more left from the traditional courtyards. We can only utilize implicit lines and red bricks to show the tracks in the past.
微型聚落的構成，是我們將每戶視作為「個體單元」，群聚錯落於彼此間形成「聚落」。每個個體單元都有屬於自己的入口，即私領域，同時與鄰房之間會有一處需要共同經營的綠地，即共享經濟(Sharing economy)的公領域，模糊了公私領域的界線。 為了確保每戶仍保有屬於自己的入口、視野和景色，所以平面部分會因為每戶位在不同位置而有不一樣的設計。
Individual units in th e settlement
For the structural basis of the micro-settlement, each household is viewed as an “individual unit” and units are intertwined in to a community to form a “settlement”. Each individual unit has its own entrance and private area. There is also a green area that is managed by two neighboring units, realizing the concept of sharing economy in the public space and clouding the boundary between public and private spaces. To ensure that each household has its own entrance, view, and scenery, the floor plan designs differ depending on the location of each unit.
Eternity of Metabolism. To Realize a Sustainable Happiness
It’s worth mentioning that, due to the consideration for budget and maintenance, we develop a
Plug-in concrete wall system. All the materials that need for fabricating the concrete are on site. We transport these materials to the factory and turn them into the prestress concrete after an accurate evaluation. After that, we put them into the steel structure in order to reduce the working hours and labor costs. At the same time, this technique creates an opportunity for the materials to be interchangeable. If there are any demands for adjusting the functions or repairing the damage of the wall, it is possible to realize the partial change. The concrete material with a life cycle from 35 to 50 years are very possible to realize a sustainable urban metabolism. All this can make this tiny tribe finally achieve a real sustainable development.
外掛式（plug-in ) 混凝土牆系統
Plug-in Concrete Wall System
In order to improve construction efficiency and reduce construction costs, this project developed a pre-casted, plug-in concrete wall system that simultaneously bears the additional advantage of interchangeability to facilitate maintenance. This is also a major strive toward architecture sustainability